Public opinion polls have consistently shown that much of the American public does not agree with the scientific community. In a March 2005 poll conducted by NBC News, 57 percent of respondents believed that the "biblical account of creation" was the most likely explanation of the origin of humans; only 33 percent believed it was evolution.
Opponents of evolution use surveys like this to make their case that school boards have the right to require that other theories be taught. The courts, on the other hand, have regularly argued that teaching theories such as creationism and intelligent design would violate the Constitution.
For now, the fight is in federal court and could wind up before the US Supreme Court.
57%? Wow. I guess I shouldn't be surprised, but I am.
Depending on who Bush appoints to the Supreme Court (I'm betting Emilio Garza), this case could end up coming down to Anthony Kennedy. Anthony, I hope you're not one of the 57%.